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marred by fraud, president karzai and his rival pulls out. president obama sends 30,000 more troops to afghanistan part of the surge. 180 die as ethnic violence erupts in western china haven't troops are sent in to restore order. western leaders accuse iran of building a second nuclear plant diss despite a u.n. ban. six years after the invasion, american troops hand over power in towns and cities. welcome to this week's news review, major stories seen on bbc during the second half of 2009. in july, six years after american-led forces invaded iraq, president obama has announced thetch withdrawn from the country's towns and cities but he warped difficult days lay ahead as iraqis celebrated. a car bomb in the northern city killed 25 people. e bbc's jim muir witnessed events in baghdad. >> despite the bombs an iraqi victory parade to celebrate the last american leaving baghdad and other cities. on the streets, jubilation. across the board, everyone is glad to see the americans go, it means iraqis are back in charge. >> today we saw great pleasure mixed with deep sorrow. the pleasure of
and money to the taliban not undermine the freedoms won by the afghan people? tommy karzai has been defending himself against accusations ahead of thursday's london conference on afghanistan. britain's prime minister gordon brown answered questions from afghan and british students and defended his deployment of british troops. our world affairs correspondent was there. >> president karzai arrives in london knowing that he has repair work to do on his reputation and that of his government. last year's afghan elections were widely seen as flawed by widespread corruption. at the same time, more western troops than ever were killed or injured in the war against the taliban. was it worth the price, one student asked? >>. is it shoulders have been fighting in afghanistan at nine years, -- british soldiers have been fighting in afghanistan nine years, practically have my life. will it get any better or will my children be asking me the same questions? >> i think the first thing to say it is we had to take action in 2001 after the bombing of new york, the knowledge that al qaeda was operati
. president karzai told a conference that his company -- country was moving slowly toward national security. of the next 45 minutes, british and afghan leaders and the un secretary general outline their goals. general mcchrystal has the international forces serving with such distinction in afghanistan and soon to be over 100,000 strong. foreign ministers, distinguished guests representing over 70 nations and international organizations, including every single member of the 43 nation strong international security assistance force. representing also afghanistan's key regional and muslim partners with whom we are pleased to work and his involvement in this worldwide coalition to support peace and stability in this crucial region are especially welcome to. this is a decisive time for the international cooperation that is helping the afghan people secure and govern their own country. for this conference marked the beginning of the transition process, of bring the necessary conditions under which we can begin district by district, a provident -- province by province, the transferring of responsib
in the afghan parliament was a stinging rebuke to president hamid karzai, rejecting 17 of his 24 cabinet nominees. the prize move caused new disarray. two months after karzai was declared winner of a presidential election plagued by fraud. today karzai ordered parliament to cancel its winter break so it vote on a new list of nominees that he's now preparing. he's under pressure to show progress in governing by january 28 when an international conference on the afghan mission convenes in london. among the rejected nominees was influential word lord khan and the only woman karzai had named. lawmakers criticized many on the list as unqualified political cronies. several holdovers in vital posts were approved. among them the defense minister and the minister of interior. along with the ministers of finance, education, and agriculture. i spoke to afghan ambassador today and asked him how big a setback this was to karzai. >> it may be a temporary setback for the president but it's a step forward for the democracy in afghanistan. it's really happy for the parliament of afghanistan to do their j
with karzai. this is an opportunity for us to make sure that more draconian steps are taken and said if they steps that have yielded little results. >> i could not agree with you more. i cannot disagree with you at all. this is a moment and it will take a tough hand. >> i noticed the vote has not gone off. and to set fashion, which are drifting along here. -- in truth senate fashion, we are drifting along here. >> i'd prefer to look at this as an opportunity to finish my questions. i.t. why for being here and for your insights. -- thank you for your being here a year and says. my first question before i ask more about the long term, if each of you are satisfied that everything is currently being done that can be done with the short-term relief efforts, dr. former, you talk about how slow the relief efforts are and to a great extent that is because of the lack of infrastructure. is there more than should be done right now to address those relief efforts? >> thank you. i think there is a mismatch between the degree of interest and resources that we as a nation are putting in and the ab
this week. move in return for this additional commitment, we must agree with president karzai's plan for the expansion of the afghan army and police. we will agree today that the afghan national army will # 134,000 by october 2010. and more by 2011. we will commit to supporting a police report with afghan national police numbers preeti 9000 by october of this year. this is a present bigger than our coalition forces. we need more international trainers to do this. we are doubling the number of military teams for the afghan police starting in april of this afghan security forces will be 300,000. international forces will rise to 135,000. the balance will continue to ship toward afghan security control. as president obama made clear last month, by the middle of next year, we have to turn the tide in the fight against the insurgency and also in our work to support the afghan government. today we affirm that the increase in our military efforts must be matched with governance in economic development, a surge to match and complement the current military surge. we have agreed today to back
hamid karzai told the conference that is country is moving slowly toward national security but that training security forces could take years. at an opening session this morning, the british and that an leaders and the un secretary general outlined their goals for the conference. . . >> in the last year britain has suffered hundreds of fatalities per he to the countries represented today recognizes that this mission is vital for our national security. it is vital to the stability of this crucial region and it is vital to the security of our world. we set out last autumn on strategies and we're making progress. the military search is turning to the tide against the taliban- led insurgency. it is at the same time building the capacity of the afghan forces who are fighting alongside us. a civilian surge is insuring that areas are cleared of the taliban and our stabilization teams go in to work with local to halt ground that has been a superdelegate. britain is proud that we lead the largest civilian reconstruction team in afghanistan. during 2009, we doubled the number of brit
-nation conference on the future of afghanistan. afghan president hamid karzai said he expects foreign forces to be in his country for up to 15 years. there was also talk of a new plan to win over the taliban by allowing them into the afghanistan government. the executive of foreign editor of the london telegraph, also a terrorism expert. it is kind of like talking about both sides of your mouth. we say that this is one of the most brutal regimes on the planet and yet that they want to allow them into the afghanistan government. what do you make of that? >> reporter: well, this is a very ambitious program. the heart of the matter here is that there is a core of the taliban, the original founders who are never going to give in to the west and are always going to be an enemy. in recent years because of the we the afghan press has been handled the strength of the taliban has ground. there are a lot of people who would not normally support the taliban have been drawn in. the plan is to try and persuade them to come back into the mainstream of afghan politics by paying to lay down their guns. trac
this week. and karzai raised some eyebrows, it seems, by suggesting reconciliation with taliban leadership. this is by people on the ground, low-level folks, the u.s. working a way to work with those kind of taliban. but in terms of the leadership, does karzai have any international support for this concept? >> absolutely. i don't know, i mean, certainly as far as we're concerned, we weren't raising our eyebrows. that's what we were expecting to hear. because if you want to win against an insurgency, you've got to have strong military force, you've got to put pressure on the insurgents. but ultimately, this is going to be won by political means. you've got to divide the opposition and pull across as many people as possible. and that's going to happen bottom up with the low-level fighters and the middle level fighters and the tribal leaders. >> is that realistic, to think that taliban leaders want a political solution? i mean, do you make that distinguish -- i know the taliban does not equal al qaeda, but is it realistic? >> not for every single one. i think in any insurgency, in any confli
on the roof firing into the neighboring buildings. not far away, president karzai was swearing in new members of his cabinet. this is the man who has to try to persuade the world that he is winning the war against the taliban. president obama's special envoy in india dismissed the attack as the trial and doomed. the streets are quiet tonight. for hours today, they belong to a dozen desperate men, armed and determined, knowingly going to their own tests to show the world what they're capable of. -- they were knowingly willing to go to their own deaths to show the world what they are capable of. >> china confounding all expectations. new figures released by the government suggests it grew 8.7% last year. that puts it on course to overtake japan as the world's second-biggest economy. about 300 people died in clashes between muslims and christians in the central nigerian city. houses were set on fire. thousands of people were made homeless. curfew was imposed. restrictions were later relaxed for the residents to get food and water. in one of the biggest corporate failures in japan's history, the
. the attacks came as president karzai swore in some members of his new cabinet. >> as we took the oath ceremony this were terrorist attacks still ongoing near the presidential palace. this is one of the dangers which afghanistan faces. there are other dangers which are more dangerous and the damage from theman be bigger. these other dangers are from both inside and outside the country. >> reporter: as dusk approaches here in kabul, quiet has returned to the city streets. but the success of this attack by the taliban cannot be measured in conventional military terms. its impact is mainly psychological and political. and in both those areas, it was an undoubted success. david chater, al jazeera, kabul. >>> in turkey the man who shot pope john paul ii nearly 29 years ago was set free. mehmet ali agca was released from a prison on the outskirts of ankara and taken from the scene in a motorcade. you'll recall he shot the pope in st. peter's square in may 1981. two years later, the pontiff visited him in prison and forgave him for the shooting. all these years later, authorities are still uncertain w
government as well. guest: years ago when he met with hamid karzai at a dinner, someone said to him, mr. president, how are you going to address this problem of corruption? in fact, he said, what problem? joe biden famously -- dinner was over -- he threw his napkin down and said, this dinner is over and walked out. nothing has happened to defrost his relations with president karzai. both biden and richard holbrooke have terrible relations with karzai. host: james traub is with us to talk about the influence of joe biden. republicans, 202-737-0001. democrats, 202-737-0002. independents, 202-628-0205. you can send us an e-mail or tweet us at . next phone call. caller: i think our president is doing very well. if we wanted joe biden as president, he would be president. i like the idea that our president is intelligent. he is not a puppet, like the last eight years. i think he is doing what he is supposed to be doing. host: james traub? guest: i guess i would agree in general. he believes he could be a good president. i believe this is almost a desirable alternative. he is a very knowledgea
. lot of our senior team in the country. spend 90 minutes with president karzai and most importantly we got out to a agaabad valley and met with the team on the ground there. i told the president in february and i kept my word to him, that if he would give our soldiers the resources they needed to get the job done and come home safe he'd have our support. i expressed the night of the president's west point address concern about the timetable of withdrawal. july of 2011 beginning withdrawal. i don't think it makes sense on a battlefield to tell the enemy when you're going to stop fighting. [applause]. so - i'm - i was pleaseed the president called for reinforcements but i wanted to ask tough questions. what i can report to you as general mcchrystal actually answers to people like me but i answer to people like you so i'll report to you, that i'm told that they have the resources and personnel in the decision that the president has made to get the job done. um... - if they have the time to do it. that's issue. i talked to the afghan leaders and rank and file military afghan militants in t
as the prime minister of pakistan and are meeting with president karzai. it was an interesting juxtaposition as we looked to the military component what is happening on the government's side in both pakistan and afghanistan. when it comes to the governance issue in afghanistan, in our meeting with president karzai, he stressed very much the significance of the upcoming parliamentary elections. the need to ensure that under the afghan constitution, that process moves forward to clearly define or establish the legitimacy of the afghan government and their processes as they move ahead. we also had an opportunity to visit the police training centers there in kabul. very important to understand the progress that is being made at the afghan army is being trained. they truly are operating at a deficit in terms of the numbers and bringing more recruits in, but what they have seen in the past several months has been remarkable in terms of the numbers of recruits that have come in. we met with the minister of defense, who indicated that just in the past month, the number of recruits that they have rec
gear as losing its cachet and they point to the fact that president karzai began wearing this hat as an attempt to devise the war broke the was afghan rather than fm or regional but there is a quote in here from an afghani saying now it is clear mr. karzai is a passion. do you have confidence in the government, do you have concerns? >> guest: i have confidence and concerns just as i did in iraq. we have to understand the huge challenges the leaders in both of these countries face literally just in staying alive. i got to know hamid karzai when i first got to afghanistan at the beginning of 2002 when he had only been in office a few weeks himself. eight years later he's still in office facing extraordinarily challenges. and there are clearly a lot of problems and things he has to work on and things we have to do in support of him but i had the opportunity to get to know him personally and whatever hat he may be wearing at the moment one thing i absolutely persuaded is he is an afghan national list. >> host: next on call river hit new york on the republican line. >> caller: ambassad
hope you are speaking for yourself. >> you have done a great job with karzai. this is an opportunity for us to make sure that more draconian steps are taken and said if they steps that have yielded little results. >> i could not agree with you more. i cannot disagree with you at all. this is a moment and it will take a tough hand. >> i noticed the vote has not gone off. and to set fashion, which are drifting along here. -- in truth senate fashion, we are drifting along here. >> i'd prefer to look at this as an opportunity to finish my questions. i.t. why for being here and for your insights. -- thank you for your being here a year and says. my first question before i ask more about the long term, if each of you are satisfied that everything is currently being done that can be done with the short-term relief efforts, dr. former, you talk about how slow the relief efforts are and to a great extent that is because of the lack of infrastructure. is there more than should be done right now to address those relief efforts? >> thank you. i think there is a mismatch between the degree of int
attackers were killed. it started as 14 members of hamid karzai's cabinet were about to be sworn in. >>> and the man who shot pope john paul ii was released this morning, taken to a military facility. he served 19 years in an italian prison for a 1981 attack. he was extradited to turkey where he served ten years. >>> they lived through tuesday's earthquake. now hungry, thirsty and desperate, the people of haiti are doing whatever they can to survive. >> for tens of thousands of people, that means crowding into tents and tarps. soledad o'brien takes us inside one of these tent cities. >> reporter: there was enough water in one of the makeshift camps to give some of the children a shower. there was a little food. a makeshift clinic. they even picked up the garbage. but many of the tens of thousands of haitians displaced by the earthquake have no house to go back to, and no new place to go. they live beneath recovered sheets and blankets in the grass and concrete. these hot and dirty encampments that have sprung up in parks and plazas are now their homes. >> the people of haiti need th
seek to harm america. >> the afghan parliament is turning thumbs down on most of president hamid karzai's cabinet appointments. for the second time, lawmakers have rejected the ma jrt of the president's nominees. just seven of the 17 ministers are in office. members of parliament complained some nominees are too cozy with afghan warlords and others too cozy with the afghan operations. the president is leaning on him to get his government in place before an international conference on afghanistan later this month. >>> it's been almost 20 years since rodney king was beaten by l.a. police. who could forget the videotape images we all saw. now some officers say videotaping them making arrests violates their privacy and actually arrested people who do it. what do you have to say about that? >>> the cdc certainty for disease controls says as many as 60 americans may have died from h1n1 virus since december of last year. nearly 80 million americans could have become swick from the swine flu. the cdc says both numbers are on the high end of estimates and the number could be closer to 39 million
today from afghan president hamid karzai and other afghan ministers, but keep in mind, this was a very well-organized complex attack that lasted for five-some hours. in talking to a u.s. official who said while the loss of life was relatively small in comparison to the size and scale of the attack, probably a case of afghan security forces being more lucky than good. there just isn't the capability yet for the afghan security forces to prevent this type of attack. it took several hundred if not several thousand afghan police and military officials to prevent nearly 20 or so taliban insurgents. this fighting lasted nearly all day. they're just not capable yet of preventing these types of attacks. patti ann: conor powell live in campbell afghanistan. thank you. trace: it has been six years since drew pearson's third wife mysteriously drowned in a dry bathtub. today he is heading to court. two of his wives gone. one dead, the other still missing. today a judge will hear what and kathleen savio told people about her fears. can she speak to the court from the grave? next. patti ann: taking
for 300 million dollars from senator nelson what is your thought? >> we speak to karzai in afghanistan about cleanup your corruption. when the person looks this way and says here you can get my vote if you save all these hundreds of millions but somebody has to pay that bill. we can't pay the unfunded mandated bills in tennessee now. we have no capital projects for our colleges, do we cut k-12? do away with our highway patrol? >> greta: would you use the word corruption? >> i don't know it is corrupt. but i think it is immoral. >> greta: will you let us know if you hear from the white house? >> i can guarantee you will be the first call i make. >> greta: good, thank you congressman. >> thanks. >> greta: next, everyone's favorite the best of the rest. who has the all local, all morning dasy to invade rush -- who had the audacity to invade who had the audacity to invade this is the card that bought the saw... that cut the lumber... that built the extra space i needed to store more produce... that she sold to me to make my menu more organic. introducing ink from chase. the card that helpe
are dead and dozens more injured. 20 minutes ago, happened karzai announced order had been restored. >>> an autopsy shows nfl player adams had an enlarged heart. he died yesterday after going in to cardiac arrest at his family's home in south carolina. adams played for tampa bay and played college ball at clemson. >>> a man who was in haiti during the earthquake is blamed for a major security scare at jfk airport. authorities say that he went to a restricted door and set off an alarm. that forced the evacuation of the american airlines terminal. the 57-year-old man said it was a mistake. >>> exercise can chisel more than just your body. that story is coming up. >>> plus, a case of rabies at a local farm has authorities contacting area schools. it is 5:11. here's howard. >>> with are saying good-bye to one rainstorm but another will give us problems before the week is out. gold bond ultimate softening. this stuff really works. and in hard times, sometimes, a belief in a dream, a belief in what is possible - can transform everything. at at&t, we've never forgotten that our company beg
and continued well after afghan president hamid karzai publicly declared the situation under control. sushtsing attack -- insurgents attacked a hotel, shopping mall, ministry and justice an finance. at least six people were killed and 70 wounded. half of them afghan civilians. attacks like this are occurring more often in kabul and each one appears better planned than the last one. the taliban according to senior u.s. military officials have two things going for them. organization and resources. the recent attacks show how much reach they have. despite massive military reach in kabul, the afghan government has not been successful in stopping the attacks and the taliban is promising to continue hitting afghan government facilities and international buildings over the winter. bret? >> bret: connor powell in kabul. iran is vowing to take revenge on israel and the u.s. for the bombing that killed a physics professor last week. the u.s. denied involvement. israel is not commenting. also today, the iran foreign minister otaki is said iran has exchanged messages with major powers regarding its nuclear
accusations against president karzai's relatives, brothers, part of this drug trade. >> we are talking about two different subject matters here. certainly the minister in afghanistan is very weak. he has no ability to enforce the law. it is nothing. it is sort of a moral role. i guess that is what tom meant when he says it is ineffective. certainly he's very clear. i never had one single word against him in terms of him being involved. then there is a different element, which i brought up, the question of corruption. corruption in kabul. corruption in the provinces. corruption in the army. that's a different issue and i would consider it one of most dangerous ones and one of the most urgent to be dealt with. >> gretchen, last word to you. as this re-assessment of afghan policy goes on, as this crisis in governance in afghanistan is playing itself out, how is this going to help or hinder, more like likely, the effort to control the drugs? >> well, i think at the same time that the drug problem creates challenges. it also presents opportunities. my research among the people of afghanistan and
karzai was beginning to swear in a new cabinet and the message from the taliban is unmistakable. despite whatever progress is being made by the afghan government or the coalition forces against taliban forces in the south, the taliban is trying to send a message to the afghan people that they are here to stay, tamron. >> jim miklaszewski live for us out of kabul, afghanistan, right now. and still ahead, more on the incredible rescues in haiti. how crews found and pulled one woman from the rubble of a collapsed supermarket and i will talk with an american trapped beneath the rubble of a hotel for 53 hours. ♪ my sunglasses. the people say i'm forgetful. maybe that's why we go to so many memorable places. love the road you're on. the subaru outback. motor trend's 2010 sport/utility of the year. would you like that to hurt now or later? uh-- what? (announcer) pepcid® complete doesn't make you choose. it neutralizes acid in seconds and controls heartburn all day or all night. pepcid® complete , works now and works later. >>> still no sign of six people from lynn university in boca raton,
the country safe and eliminate the terrorists. >> sreenivasan: in response, afghan president hamid karzai ordered a review of security, but he also praised afghan troops for preventing an even larger disaster. there was word today the f.b.i. illegally collected some 2,000 u.s. telephone records during the bush administration. "the washington post" reported it took place between 2002 and 2006. it said the f.b.i. sometimes invoked emergencies that did not exist. the agency said again today the practice involved records of incoming and outgoing calls, and not their actual content. the u.s. supreme court has refused to close two shipping locks near chicago to keep asian carp out of the great lakes. the state of michigan asked for an injunction. it warned the carp will wipe out native fish if they reach the lakes from the mississippi river watershed. illinois and the federal government warned an injunction would damage the shipping business. the u.s. army corps of engineers is considering long-term action, and the case may yet return to the high court. the los angeles city council gave initial
in by afghan president karzai. correspondent jim miklaszewski in kabul joins us live. jim, what's the latest? how long has this lasted and has it called down. >> a series of firefighters that ended with suicide bombings and ended when afghan police finally stormed a shopping complex where several of the cal ban had taken up refuge and sniper positions in the upper floors and engaged police in this fierce firefight that went on for hours. as you said a total of 12 people. amazingly only 12 people killed in this series of bomb blasts, one so huge it could be felt more than a mile away. now, according to afghan and u.s. military officials, what this showed was that the afghan police and some of the afghan military were able to take charge of this situation and eventually bring it under control. but what it also raises is serious questions about how this group of suicide bombers and gunmen of taliban were able to penetrate layers, several layers of outer security and get so close to the presidential palace itself to conduct this kind of deadly operation, david. >> nbc news chief pentagon corresp
karzai and with his cabinet on numerous occasions, notably with the trip that hillary clinton and i had made to afghanistan on october 18 and 19 in conjunction with the inauguration. the afghans understood this, they are very comfortable with it. so i need to underscore that's what july 2011 means. not a withdraw, but the start of a responsibility transition in which american combat troops will begin to draw down. on the second question and in regard to pakistan, i'm not sure quite how you phrase it. strobe, you made a generic comment? >> mike hamlin and his colleagues have put together a set of bench marks on sort of how things are going. and the trend that they feel they have identified in pakistan is ominous, negative by comparison with a year ago. >> yeah. i read mike's monthly, it's quarterly, actually, isn't it? i read mike's quarterly table with great interest. and it helped -- influenced me a lot as we tried to develop our own benchmarks. but i think we have to be very careful about two things. maybe three things. one, let's not confuse input and output. it's a very common probl
working together so well recently. >> rose: do you have great confidence in the karzai government that they will be a partner this snefrt i think we cannot look only toll the national government of afghanistan. this is a young government. they've got deep systemic flaws they are burdened with corruption but it is a struggling democracy. but we need to lo beyond that at a village level. this is all about politics and as the late tip o'neill said, all politics is local. it's certainly case in counterterrorism, counterinsurgency. and i thin that's the way we must approach it. it's not just capital to capital nation to nation. this is a fight about the people and for the people. >> rose: turn your attention to al qaeda and how they see the world. and where do they get their momentum and where do they get their strength and where do they get their opportunity. >> there are many theories and my guess-- and that's all it is sds that it may well be about globalization and the growth of free market societies, the growth of liberal institutions around the world. and if you look at in in tho
make progress in reducing the ramp at opm and narcotics trade in this area. president karzai has pledged to eradicate poppy crops, but there must be development of crops and methods other than poppy's to sustain the people in this country. in southern afghanistan, the u.s. department of state and agriculture is working one to regain its potential. understanding the reality is on the ground in afghanistan and is essential. we urge the president to follow his advice of making strategic decisions. secretary gates has worked to reaffirm our short and long term goals to our troops and continues the sacrifice. this is very important and we thank him. we now know that the u.s. military faces a threat involving forces. instead, terrorist networks employ unconventional uses of force to remain invisible until their attack. to preempt this threat, we rely heavily on our intelligence gathering systems and professionals at home and abroad. this reminded us of the terrorists. the arrest of a terrorist makes clear that there is much to be reviewed in the way intelligence is shared, collected an
and eventual victory by hamid karzai. they discuss the presidential elections for this may. it was held at the u.s. institute of peace in washington, d.c. >> good morning, everyone. we can proceed. thank everyone for coming. my name is john dempsey with the u.s. institute of peace, based in afghanistan. i have the privilege of actually being here in washington this week for this, our first public event on afghanistan of 2010. i'm so happy we have such a good turnout, i recognize some faces here, see a lot of people i haven't seen around before and i look forward to a frank discussion with our distinguished panelist today on a subject that clearly has been getting a lot of attention over the last year, given what we saw in the difficult election season in afghanistan last year but that also has not yet gone away. i think once we got through the difficult process of the elections last year, people were breathing a collective sigh of relief that we moved on and could actually get on with governance and moving toward with strategic objectives in the country, but yet, we have another electio
for reforming washington. >> is there a way that can be accomplished? >> president karzai is heading to london this week and he wants some taliban taken off the u.s. sanctions welist in exchange for their laying down their arms. >> you have heard that general petraeus discussed similar type efforts in afghanistan, political reconciliations. you have per general mcchrystal discussed the same thing. obviously, that is a similar path to what happened in iraq. each of those two individuals have talked through this. this is provided that whoever this is accept the event constitution, renounces violence, and publicly breaks through the groups that advocate violence. that is what people expect under the notion of reconciliation. >> last week, the win put out a report saying that the amount of graft and kickbacks in of denniston is about $2.3 billion per year which is 25% of their gross domestic product. who in the administration is really writing point on dealing with issues of corruption in afghanistan? >> a group of people working and our afghan policy -- let me figure out where some of that inform
minutes with president karzai, and most importantly, got out towards kandahar and heli'd to the valley. let me tell you, i kept my word that if he would give soldiers the resources they need to come home safe, he would have our support. and i expressed, the night of the west point addressed. -- the night of the west point addressed, i addressed the need for withdrawal. it never makes sense on a battlefield to tell the enemy when you will stop fighting. [applause] i was pleased that the president responded to a call for reinforcements. but what i can report to you is that general mcchrystal answers to people like me, and i answer to people like you. i will report to you. they have the resources and personnel to get the job done. if they have time to do it. that is the issue. i've talked to leadership, to rank and file military. they said look, the taliban has been using july, 2011, for recruitment purposes. look, i do not mind -- michael back there, soldiers always have deadlines. but you did not publish it. that is the point. would i like soldiers to move out of afghanistan by july 201
will keep a focus on this -- >> i hope you're speaking for yourself. >> you did a great job with karzai and i'll say that again. [laughter] >> the fact is that this is an opportunity for us, i think, to continue to put pressure -- to make sure that more draconian steps are taken instead of willy-nilly kind of things that yielded the same kinds of results and i thank you for your testimony. >> i couldn't agree with you, senator. we'll come to that point after senator shaheen. but i don't agree with you at all. i think this is a moment and i think it's going to take the tough hand of leadership. senator shaheen? >> i notice the bell hadn't gone off but we're not drifting around here. we can have a second round. >> i prefer to think of it as an opportunity to finish my questions. i want to thank each one of you for being here and for your insights into this horrific human tragedy. i share my colleagues gratification and the outpouring from not only the united states but from the rest of the world to try and respond to this tragedy. and i guess my first question before i ask more about the
. but early signs are encouraging. we are encouraged by the steps president karzai has taken to approve the effectiveness and credibility of his government, and we're committed to working in partnerships to reduce corruption which along with the insurgency is perhaps the greatest threat to afghanistan. and recent polls of public afghan opinion are also encouraging. afghans in significant numbers blame the taliban far more than coalition forces for violence that exists in the country. most afghans believe the taliban is growing weaker, and by huge margins, about 9-1, clearly prefer the afghan government that they have to any alternative the taliban might offer. but our progress on the ground and the attitudes of the afghan people show we're making progress in achieving our objectives and accomplishing our mission in afghanistan as articulated by the president. the third part of our strategy is a stronger partnership with pakistan. the people of pakistan have suffered greatly at the hands of terrorism. pakistanis, civilians, military, police, civilians have sacrificed their lives fighting
will keep a focus -- >> i hope you are speaking for yourself. >> you have done a great job with karzai. this is an opportunity for us to make sure that more draconian steps are taken and said if they steps that have yielded little results. >> i could not agree with you more. i cannot disagree with you at all. this is a moment and it will take a tough hand. >> i noticed the vote has not gone off. and to set fashion, which are drifting along here. -- in truth senate fashion, we are drifting along here. >> i'd prefer to look at this as an opportunity to finish my questions. i.t. why for being here and for your insights. -- thank you for your being here a year and says. my first question before i ask more about the long term, if each of you are satisfied that everything is currently being done that can be done with the short-term relief efforts, dr. former, you talk about how slow the relief efforts are and to a great extent that is because of the lack of infrastructure. is there more than should be done right now to address those relief efforts? >> thank you. i think there is a mismatch b
terrorist threat. our conference on afghanistan, the london conference, will be attended by president karzai, the u.n. secretary-general, 60 nations will be represented. we will be announcing new figures for nato forces and for afghan forces in the time to come. we will be focusing on how the political and civilian surge we plan in afghanistan can match and complement the military surge that is taking place. on wednesday, the day before, the first international meeting will be held to agree how we can strengthen support for yemen in its efforts against al qaeda and how we can help the government of yemen with development and governance. as i said last week in the commons statement i made on security, we note that there are terrorist groups with plans to inflict damage on our country and we are always on alert. we will be vigilant against those who seek to destroy and undermine our democracy and our way of life. let me add one thing also this morning. i sent my condolences to president hariri and the prime minister after the crash of the ethiopian airways flight off the coast of lebanon. we a
proposed by president karzai. this is the second cabinet he put forward. the international community was hoping for a strong government to prevent ordinary afghans from siding with the taliban. >>> in our top story, clean water, food, shelter, people in the capital city need all of them, of course. one of the most immediate needs is burial space. we should warn you here some of the images you are about to see are very disturbing. as carl penhal reports, people are burying the dead anywhere and any way they can. >> reporter: the stench from a corpse mixes with the smell of sugar cane alcohol. i've just been driving along the -- through the city of port-au-prince and have just come along to men literally digging a hole in the ground to bury one of their loved ones. they're passing around a bottle of alcohol and say that first of all we should tip the alcohol in the ground. that's for the spirits of their loved ones. >> we went to a funeral place, they ain't got no more room. they throw the body away. we picked up the body and came down with the body and try to dig a hole so we can make
at the same time president hamid karzai was swearing in new members of his cabinet. here's cnn's dan rivers. >> reporter: a pitch battle in the central of kabul. they fought for more than three hours with taliban insurgents who were holed up in several buildings. we've been listening to sustained gunfire coming from down the road. you can see in the distance there is a building on fire, which we believe may be a market. we're being told that there are a number of taliban fighters who are attacking near the serena hotel right in the heart of kabul. a lot of gunfire and explosions going on. people in the center of kabul were running for their lives. women and children terrified and confused. some angry they hadn't seen any ispa troops. >> you can see all these soldiers. countersrg si, there's insurgents and there's the place they should cooperate shoulder to shoulder with us. with the government of afghanistan. >> reporter: and it's still going on. >> still going on. you can hear. >> reporter: after three and a half hours, finally the afghan army appeared to have control. the fire brigade wer
probably take two or three years. and then president karzai really threw cold water on things when he said that afghanistan would not be able to provide for its own security for 15 to 20 years let alone 18 months. so the question is this, when july, 2011 rolls around, will we be at the beginning of the troop withdrawal or just in the middle of it? will we be standing on the cliff or going down the ramp? and will we be at the inflection or point of no return in an open-ended war. the american people and our troops deserve a solid plan. we have the right to know exactly what we're getting into before we start spending billions of dollars more and more and more of our troops' blood. that's why congress must ask the administration some tough questions and demand better answers. you know that's our responsibility, that's our job. especially before we authorize another dime for this foreign occupation. we must make sure that the next appropriation has a much better balance between military and civilian need, a balance that will be considerbly better than the last appropriation. we must make sure
done ar good job with karzai. this an opportunity for us i think to put pressure to make sure that more draconian steps are taken instead of willy-nilly kind of things. i thank you for the hearing and for your testimony. >> i couldn't agree with you more, senator. to come to that point after senator shaheen, i don't disagree with you at all. i think this will take a tough hand of leadership. i know the vote has not gone on. we can go on a little bit. >> i share my colleagues' gratification at the outpouring from not only the united states but from the rest of the world to try and respond to this tragedy. i guess my first question before i ask more about the long term is if each of you are satisfied that everything is currently being done that can be done with the short-term relief efforts, dr. farmer, you talked about how slow the relief efforts are and to a great extent that's because of the lack of infrastructure. but is there more that should be done right now to address those relief efforts? >> thank you very much, senator. i think there is a mismatch between the degree of interest
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